<dd id="olues"></dd>
        1. <output id="olues"></output>
        2. Saturday, Aug 27th

          You are here: 研究與評論 能源氣候 新書出版:電力行業應對氣候變化技術與政策選擇

          新書出版:電力行業應對氣候變化技術與政策選擇

          E-mail 打印 PDF

          ChangCe Thinktank
          中國經濟體制改革研究會公共政策研究中心成立了《中國電力行業應對氣 候變化對策研究》課題組,對電力行業應對氣候變化的技術和政策選擇進行了深入研究分析,形成 了一系列研究報告。本書匯集了課題組各位專家的系列研究報告

          ?

          ?

          電力行業應對氣候變化技術與政策選擇

          Low Carbon Technology and Policy in China Power Sector

          ?

          中國經濟體制改革研究會公共政策研究中心

          長策智庫

          ?

          目 錄

          ?

          前 言

          ?

          001 應對氣候變化電力行動方案建議

          002 第一部分 導言

          003 第二部分 電力與氣候變化

          007 第三部分 電力應對氣候變化的指導思想、基本原則和努力目標

          008 第四部分 電力應對氣候變化的重點領域和主要行動

          011 第五部分 保障措施

          ?

          015 第一篇 電力行業應對氣候變化現狀

          ?

          016 研究報告1:電力行業發展現狀

          016 一、電力消費狀況

          017 二、發電狀況

          018 三、電網狀況

          020 四、總結

          ?

          021 研究報告2:電力行業CO2排放現狀

          021 一、研究方法與基本假設

          021 二、電力行業CO2排放狀況

          023 三、電力行業CO2排放在中國應對氣候變化中的地位

          023 四、總結

          ?

          024 研究報告3:中國電力部門減緩氣候變化的努力

          024 一、中國電力二氧化碳排放現狀

          025 二、中國電力部門減緩氣候變化的努力

          037 三、總結

          ?

          ?

          043 第二篇 電力行業應對氣候變化技術選擇

          ?

          044 研究報告1:電力行業應對氣候變化技術路徑選擇

          044 一、提高非化石能源發電量比例

          047 二、提高火電機組效率和降低電網線損

          053 三、結論及建議

          ?

          055 研究報告2:哥本哈根承諾和非化石能源發電技術比較

          055 一、非化石能源發電技術的范圍

          056 二、基本設定

          057 三、計算結果及分析

          059 四、結論

          ?

          065 研究報告3:電力行業應對氣候變化技術成本曲線研究

          065 一、導論

          066 二、電力行業減排CO2技術選擇

          067 三、減排技術的發電成本及碳排放強度

          073 四、基年(2005年)發電成本與碳排放強度曲線

          074 五、電力需求、非碳電源發展想定方案及碳排放強度

          079 六、其它影響因素分析

          081 七、結論

          ?

          091 研究報告4:電力行業CO2排放強度目標與成本關系

          092 一、導論

          094 二、方法論介紹

          100 三、基礎參數及假設

          109 四、電力行業成本與CO2強度減排目標關系曲線

          111 五、電力行業CO2強度減排的政策分析

          117 六、政策組合分析

          124 七、結論和政策建議

          125 八、本研究的不足及下一步工作

          ?

          ?

          127 第三篇 電力行業應對氣候變化政策選擇

          ?

          128 研究報告1:電力行業應對氣候變化政策現狀及實施重點

          128 一、導論

          129 二、中國電力行業減少溫室氣體排放政策的現狀

          137 三、中國電力行業應對氣候變化政策實施重點

          141 四、政策改善建議

          ?

          144 研究報告2:電力行業上大壓小政策成本收益分析

          144 一、關停小火電機組政策的基本內容

          146 二、關停小火電機組政策的實施進展與特點

          150 三、政策成本收益分析方法概述

          153 四、關閉小火電政策的成本收益分析

          160 五、結論和建議

          ?

          163 研究報告3:差別電價政策收益成本分析

          164 一、導論

          166 二、中國電力消費狀況

          170 三、差別電價政策執行狀況

          173 四、差別電價政策效果分析

          185 五、差別電價政策成本分析

          197 六、差別電價政策收益成本分析

          198 七、差別電價政策執行中存在的問題

          200 八、差別電價政策進一步執行的建議

          200 九、需進一步研究的內容

          ?

          209 研究報告4:差別電價對節能減排的貢獻政策評估

          209 一、導論

          210 二、差別電價政策回顧

          212 三、福建省差別電價的政策實踐

          216 四、差別電價對節能減排的貢獻實證分析

          218 五、差別電價政策優化

          221 六、主要結論與政策建議

          ?

          228 研究報告5:可再生能源全額收購政策對電價的影響

          228 一、可再生能源全額收購政策和電價政策現狀

          231 二、可再生能源全額收購政策對電價的影響分析

          232 三、可再生能源全額收購政策的積極作用及主要問題

          236 四、解決問題的對策建議

          ?

          ?

          239 第四篇 電力行業應對氣候變化與宏觀經濟

          ?

          240 研究報告1:金融海嘯沖擊下我國能源情景分析與預測

          240 一、金融海嘯對世界經濟的影響

          244 二、金融海嘯對我國經濟的影響

          247 三、金融海嘯對世界能源與電力行業的影響

          254 四、金融海嘯對我國能源和電力行業的影響

          ?

          270 研究報告2:基于CGE模型的電力行業應對氣候變化政策對經濟影響研究

          270 一、導論

          272 二、CGE模型概述及數據基礎

          275 三、模型及情形假定

          276 四、政策模擬結果分析

          280 五、政策和建議

          ?

          282 研究報告3:基于投入產出模型的電力行業碳排放強度與單位GDP碳排放強度關系

          282 一、中國的減排承諾與電力行業的減排地位

          284 二、研究思路與數據來源

          285 三、電力行業二氧化碳排放系數的計算

          287 四、電力減排與單位GDP二氧化碳排放強度之間的關系

          290 五、結論與建議

          ?

          ?

          295 第五篇 電力行業應對氣候變化國際經驗

          ?

          296 研究報告1:電力行業應對氣候變化政策國際經驗

          296 一、綜合資源規劃與需求側管理(IRP/DSM)

          297 二、電力部門碳捕捉

          299 三、氣候變化征稅

          300 四、碳稅

          302 五、結論及建議

          ?

          303 研究報告2:中美電力工業CO2排放比較

          303 一、中美電力工業比較

          309 二、中美電力工業CO2排放比較

          311 三、結論

          ?

          313 研究報告3:中美電力行業應對氣候變化比較

          313 一、導論

          313 二、中美電力行業對比

          318 三、中美電力行業應對氣候變化政策異同

          319 四、中國電力行業應對氣候變化的挑戰

          320 五、結論

          ?

          ?

          Contents

          ?

          PREFACE

          001 Proposal on Climate Change Mitigation Action Plan for Electric Power Sector

          002 1. Introduction

          003 2. Electric Power Sector and Climate Change

          007 3. Guiding Ideology, Fundamental Principles, and Main Objectives of Climate Change Mitigation in Electric Power Sector

          008 4. Focus Areas and Main Actions of Climate Change Mitigation in Electric Power Sector

          011 5. Safeguards

          ?

          015 CHAPTER ONE Current Situation of Climate Change Mitigation in Electric Power Sector

          ?

          016 Report One: Status of Electric Power Sector Development

          016 1. Status of Electric Energy Consumption

          017 2. Status of Electric Power Generation

          018 3. Status of Electric Power Grids

          020 4. Summary

          ?

          021 Report Two: Current Status of CO2 Emissions from Electric Power Sector

          021 1. Methodologies and Basic Assumptions

          021 2. Status of CO2 Emissions from Electric Power Sector

          023 3. The Position of CO2 Emissions from Electric Power Sector

          023 4. Summary

          ?

          024 Report Three: Electric Power Sector's Endeavors in Climate Change Mitigation in China

          024 1. Current Status of CO2 Emissions from Electric Power Sector in China

          025 2. Electric Power Sector's Endeavors in Climate Change Mitigation in China

          037 3. Summary

          ?

          ?

          043 CHAPTER TWO Technology Options for Climate Change Mitigation in Electric Power Sector

          ?

          044 Report One: Technology Roadmaps on Climate Change Mitigation in Electric Power Sector

          044 1. Increasing the Proportion of Non-Fossil Energy

          047 2. Improving the Efficiency of Thermal Generation Units and Reducing T&D Line Loss

          053 3. Conclusions and Recommendations

          ?

          055 Report Two: Copenhagen Commitments and Comparison of Non-Fossil Power Generation Technologies

          055 1. The Scope of Non-Fossil Power Generation Technologies

          056 2. Basic Assumptions

          057 3. Calculations and Analysis

          059 4. Summary

          ?

          065 Report Three: Technology Cost Curve for Climate Change Mitigation in Electric Power Sector

          065 1. Introduction

          066 2. Technology Options for CO2 Emission Reduction in Electric Power Sector

          067 3. Generation Costs and Carbon Intensity of Abatement Technologies

          073 4. Power Generation Cost Curve and Carbon Emission Intensity Curve inBase Year (2005)

          074 5. Power Demand, Non-Fossil Power Planning and Carbon Intensity

          079 6. Analysis of Other Influencing Factors

          081 7. Summary

          ?

          091 Report Four: The Relationship between CO2 Emission Intensity Targets and Costs in Electric Power Sector

          092 1. Introduction

          094 2. Methodologies

          100 3. Basic Parameters and Assumptions

          109 4. Relationship Curve of CO2 Emission Intensity Targets and Costs in Electric Power Sector

          111 5. Policies Analysis on CO2 Intensity Reduction in Electric Power Sector

          117 6. Analysis of Policy Combinations

          124 7. Conclusions and Recommendations

          125 8. Deficiencies of the Research and Next Steps

          ?

          ?

          127 CHAPTER THREE Policy Options for Climate Change Mitigation in Electric Power Sector

          ?

          128 Report One: Current Status of Climate Change Mitigation Policies in Electric Power?Sector and Implementation Focus Areas

          128 1. Introduction

          129 2. Current Status of Policies for Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction from Eclectic Power Sector in China

          137 3. Implementation Focus Areas of Climate Change Mitigation Policies in Electric Power Sector in China

          141 4. Proposal on Policy Refinement

          ?

          144 Report Two: Benefit-cost Analysis on Launching Large Power Plants and Closing Small Thermal Power Plants in Electric Power Sector

          144 1. Basic Content of Closing Small Thermal Power Plants

          146 2. Implementation Process and Characteristics of Closing Small Thermal Power Plants

          150 3. Methodologies for Benefit-cost Analysis

          153 4. Cost and Benefit Analysis on Closing Small Thermal Power Plants

          160 5. Conclusions and Recommendations

          ?

          163 Report Three: Benefit-cost Analysis on Differential Pricing Policy

          164 1. Introduction

          166 2. Status of Power Consumption in China

          170 3. Status of the Implementation of Differential Pricing Policy

          173 4. Effects Analysis of Differential Pricing Policy

          185 5. Cost Analysis of Differential Pricing Policy

          197 6. Cost and Benefit Analysis of Differential Pricing Policy

          198 7. Problems in the Implementation of Differential Pricing Policy

          200 8. Recommendations on the Further Implementation of Differentiated Tariffs

          200 9. Deficiencies of the Research and Next Steps

          ?

          209 Report Four: Policy Evaluation on the Contributions of Differential Pricing Policy to?Energy Saving and Emission Reduction

          209 1. Introduction

          210 2. Review on Differential Pricing Policy

          212 3. Practice of Differential Pricing Policy in Fujian Province

          216 4. Evidence Analysis of the Contributions of Differential Pricing Policy to Energy Saving and Emission Reduction

          218 5. Optimization of Differential Pricing Policy

          221 6. Main Conclusions and Policy Recommendations

          ?

          228 Report Five: The Influence of Protective Full Amount Acquisition of Renewable Energy on Power Price

          228 1. Current Status of Protective Full Amount Acquisition of Renewable Energy and Power Pricing Policies

          231 2. Analysis on the Influence of Protective Full Amount Acquisition of Renewable Energy on Power Price

          232 3. Positive Effects and Major Problems of Protective Full Amount Acquisition of Renewable Energy

          236 4. Solutions

          ?

          ?

          239 CHAPTER FOUR Climate Change Mitigation in Electric Power Sector and Macro-Economy

          ?

          240 Report One: Scenario Analysis and Forecast of Energy in China in the Shock of Financial Crisis

          240 1. The Influence of Financial Crisis on Global Economy

          244 2. The Influence of Financial Crisis on China Economy

          247 3. The Influence of Financial Crisis on World Energy and Power Sector

          254 4. The Influence of Financial Crisis on China's Energy and Power Sector

          ?

          270 Report Two: Analysis of the Influence of Climate Change Mitigation Policies in Electric Power Sector on Economy Based on CGE Model

          270 1. Introduction

          272 2. CGE Model and Data

          275 3. Model and Scenario Assumptions

          276 4. Analysis of Policy Simulations

          280 5. Policies and Recommendations

          ?

          282 Report Three: Analysis of the Relationship between Carbon Intensity of Electric Power Sector and Carbon Intensity Per Unit of GDP Based on Input-Output Model

          282 1. China's Emission Reduction Commitments and the Position of Electric Power Sector in Emission Reduction

          284 2. Methodology and Data Resources

          285 3. Coefficient of CO2 Emission from Electric Power Sector

          287 4. Relationship between Emission Reduction in Electric Power Sector and CO2 Emission Intensity Per Unit of GDP

          290 5. Conclusions and Recommendations

          ?

          ?

          295 CHAPTER FIVE International Experience in Climate Change Mitigation in Electric Power Sector

          ?

          296 Report One: International Experience in Climate Change Mitigation in Electric Power Sector

          296 1. Integrated Resource Planning and Demand Side Management

          297 2. Carbon Capture and Storage

          299 3. Tax on Climate Change

          300 4. Carbon Tax

          302 5. Conclusions and Recommendations

          ?

          303 Report Two: Comparison of CO2 Emissions from Electric Power Industry in China and U.S.

          303 1. Comparison of Electric Power Industry in China and U.S.

          309 2. Comparison of CO2 Emissions from Electric Power Industry in China and U.S.

          311 3. Summary

          ?

          313 Report Three: Comparison of Climate Change Mitigation in Electric Power Sector in China and U.S.

          313 1. Introduction

          313 2. Comparison of Electric Power Sector in China and U.S.

          318 3. Comparison of Policy Options for Climate Change Mitigation in Electric Power Sector in China and U.S.

          319 4. Challenges Facing China's Electric Power Sector on Climate Change Mitigation

          320 5. Summary

          透明内内一级特黄A片